Montessori encourages children's natural desire to explore the world around them and can be divided into five main areas :
1) Practical Life
The purpose and aim of Practical Life is to help the child gain control in the coordination of his movement, and help the child to gain independence and adapt to his society. Practical life exercises include pouring, sorting, food preparation, care of self, and care of the environment. These exercises lay the foundation for all the other subject areas in the Montessori classroom
2) Sensorial Skills
The purpose and aim of Sensorial work is for the child to acquire clear, conscious, information and to be able to then make classifications in his environment. Through exploration of the various materials of varying dimension, colour, shape, texture, smell, and taste, all the faculties of intelligence are developed. The sensorial area also includes geometry as the subject is introduced to the child through their senses.
3) Language Skills
A small child, because of his sensitivity, can pick up a language just by hearing it. However, this sensitivity to language is only in the first six years. From an early age, the child's absorbent mind absorbs all language given to him. proceeding at their own pace, they are introduced to the skills necessary for writing, reading and spelling. Conversation, storytelling and poems, songs and rhymes, all help to develop his learning of the English language.
Maths is all around young children, how old are you? You were born on the 6th. Its time to go to school in an hour. Montessori mathematics focuses on the fundamental skills to calculate. Children who become interested in counting like to position items as they enumerate them. By counting concrete quantities, separating them, sharing them, and counting them children demonstrate for themselves the basic operations of mathematics. Counting games become an everyday activity in the classroom.
During cultural studies, the children gain a broad exposure to many different areas of science. The children learn fun facts about spiders and insects, and understand more about the relationship of different creatures to each other in nature. They also learn about the earth (her continents, countries, and oceans), and the solar system.
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